CBD dosage: basic principles

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What is the CBD, and What are its Benefits?

CBD stands for cannabidiol and is naturally produced from the cannabis plant. The plant also has other elements that do not have a beneficial effect on the human body. However, it seems that CBD is useful as a medicine for treating various conditions, including chronic and severe diseases. The most popular way to consume is in the form of oil, which is made in combination with organic oil, most likely olive oil.

The main reason for the growing popularity of the CBD is the number of medical problems that it can solve. Below are some of the well-known benefits of CBD that show how effective it is for the human body. CBD helps to get rid of chronic pains in the body, which otherwise take months, and sometimes years, to be cured with harmful drugs. CBD is known to be effective in treating mental disorders, such as depression and anxiety. CBD has been proven useful in the prevention and treatment of cancer to some extent.

The effects of CBD are considered very useful in the treatment of complex neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, sleep problems, schizophrenia, etc. Serious skin diseases, such as eczema, can also be treated with CBD oil without experiencing significant side effects.

CBD Dosage: Basic Principles

Calculating the right CBD dose may be a confusing process, especially for those who have never tried it before. It can be difficult for beginners in the world of this therapeutic compound because it depends on numerous personal variables. The dosage is influenced by the following aspects:

  • Physical health
  • Age
  • Weight
  • Height
  • Metabolism
  • Body mass index
  • Condition one is trying to fight with
  • A form of CBD product used

There is no strict and definite answer to this question. In order to help you to start, the Alphagreen Team gathered important information along with recommendations for calculating the correct dosage.

The claim that organic and herbal ingredients can be taken in any quantity because they are harmless is a big misconception of many people. Despite the numerous warnings from medical experts, they continue to take organic ingredients as much as they want. The main issue is that the organic elements found in CBD products are completely natural, but it does not entirely free them from side effects.

Fact: Everything, whether natural or unnatural, has its own set of advantages and disadvantages in terms of high and low doses, which must be carefully considered before they are consumed. This is true even if we will have a look at the case of water.
For example, downing ten litres of water can lead to death from hyponatremia.

Thanks to the growing awareness and use of technologies, many people began to consult with specialists, doctors, and even other people, to consume natural ingredients and to be sure of their possible consequences. The biggest problem lies in the other sphere: people still do not understand and even underrate this dosage problem. The main goal of this article is to educate all of our readers on this topic, while it's not too late.

 

So, How to Consume CBD Properly?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of those organic ingredients that gained unbelievable popularity in recent years. It's endless benefits and practical help in the treatment of numerous diseases, have made its use extremely popular. Therefore, the most important thing to understand is the amount of optimal dose. And now, we are going to discuss the CBD usage methods and avoiding unwanted side effects.

The anti-inflammatory effects of CBD oil not only promote better mobility when the oil is taken orally; these effects can also be experienced at the cellular level by mixing the oil with a topical cream. This is especially useful for those who want to improve cosmetics or other skin products, adding the therapeutic effect of CBD oil. For those who suffer from skin irritation, topical CBD oil may be a better alternative, although CBD can be used both topically and orally for more significant effect.

On the other hand, CBD has powerful neuroprotective and antioxidant properties. It has been reported that its antioxidant properties are more effective than vitamin C and E. Helping to stabilize harmful free radicals in the body, CBD can reduce cell damage, which leads to signs of physical and mental ageing.

Another critical property of CBD that makes it a particularly useful nutritional supplement is its anxiolytic effect. Preclinical tests show that CBD can be used to supplement the treatment of anxiety disorders, given its anti-compulsive and panic effects (effects that reduce the fear of flying). Those who do not suffer from anxiety disorders can also use the anxiolytic effects of CBD to relieve stress caused by work and other lifestyle factors.

These are just a few examples of how CBD oil can be used as an additive. Other studies indicate its antiproliferative, analgesic, and antispasmodic effects, among others. In short, CBD oil works with the body, not against it; In fact, it is an exceptionally well-tolerated compound. And since the CBD is not psychotropic, it can be used by a large and diverse consumer sector.

1.Reliable CBD Brand

The first and main goal is to choose a reliable CBD brand. And it's not just about the dosage; it's about your health. Why? In order to ensure that you get a legal, quality product that complies with the law, classifications, and standards without any undesirable chemicals or additives.

We are pleased to declare that Alphagreen features only reliable ones that pass rigorous tests, the results of which are openly published on the worldwide web. Before deciding to buy a CBD infused product, you may see a detailed description of substances contained in any CBD oil and concentration of CBD oil itself. The quality of the CBD plays a crucial role in delivering effective results. Many products on the market have low CBD quality or low CBD content. There are many cases where customers have complained that their CBD product does not contain the amount of CBD indicated on the label. Before making a purchase, it is necessary to conduct the required research, and it is better to purchase products that have been verified by third-party laboratories. False advertising can also force you to purchase products that do not provide high-quality CBD. To get the benefits of CBD, you must use a high-quality product with a high CBD content.

2. Always Look at the "Per Cents."

When we talk about CBD percentages, these numbers refer to the milligrams of CBD that oil contains.

Example: If we will take 2,5% of the CBD oil, it contains 250 milligrams of CBD. If we are going to take 4%, that means that the amount of oil inside the product is 400 milligrams. With the percentage of CBD increases, so does its concentration. With a 10 ml container with 2.5% CBD oil, the buyer will receive about 200 drops, and each drop will contain 1,25 mg of CBD.

If you take a daily dose of 3-4 drops three times a day, this means that you consume approximately 15 mg of CBD.

The CBD can offer its regular customers much more opportunities to maintain a healthy lifestyle. However, all of these benefits may come to nought if proper instructions are not followed regarding the correct dose. As mentioned earlier, many consumers of CBD are not yet informed about their correct dosage, which is necessary to obtain the corresponding effects. There are several articles on essential information about the CBD, its benefits and other aspects; However, many of them lack information on their optimal dose.

The endocannabinoid system is different for each of us so the dosage can vary. Some can achieve a calming effect with 3 mg twice a day, while others approach or even exceed 200 mg four times a day. The best way to find the most suitable dose for everyone is to start with small doses and gradually adjust them. For those new to cannabis use, 5 mg doses may be sufficient to experience a relief. If several treatments are administered on the first day, it is recommended to increase it to 10 mg and analyze the changes in the effects. Then it will be necessary to continue to adapt to the needs until the relief becomes permanent. Those with experience of using cannabis extracts may need to start with a higher dose, such as 25 mg, and start working from that point on.

Here are some of the tips you should follow when choosing the best dose of CBD for treating a disease:

  • Body mass

Like any other medicine, the dose of CBD is also determined depending on the patient's body weight. This is because each person has different abilities and the level of tolerance to the drugs they take, so it is best to let the body respond to the right amount of natural ingredients to achieve effective results. For example, one approach is to use a maximum dose of 6 mg CBD for every 5 kg (10 pounds) of body weight.

  • The intensity of the disease.

The severity of the disease also plays a vital role in achieving the desired result for the right dose of CBD. This means that when the pain is intense and lasts for an extended period, the dose of CBD will be relatively high since diseases with a long history require immediate treatment.

Similarly, neurological disorders and other mental conditions must also be accompanied by the same philosophy, given that everything that is taken in excessive quantities can damage parts of the body that would otherwise be beneficial.

Start with a low dose.

This is the universal standard for drug use, natural or non-herbal. Start with a low dose and gradually increase it. For example, a person of moderate weight may take approximately 50 mg of CBD once a day, depending on his age. This dose can be increased if the disease is not entirely cured as soon as possible. In this case, the treatment can be increased up to two times a day with a slight increase in potency.

  • Always consult an experienced physician.

The consultation of an expert doctor who has complete knowledge of a natural product and has successful experience in treating patients who have already recovered from their disease is the best and last resort to get an idea of ​​the optimal dose of CBD. Therefore, make sure that you are aware of the large and small problems associated with the natural component to eliminate the likelihood of failure. Finding the best dose of CBD is not at all problematic. An uneducated person can easily decide based on the facts mentioned above to make full use of the natural elements present in CBD oil. It is important to emphasize that the circumstances of each person, and therefore the dose, will be different. Take an average dose for several days to see how you feel before increasing or decreasing the amount of CBD as needed.

  • To help you calculate the amount (in mg) of CBD you consume, use the following table as a guide:

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How to use CBD oil?

More and more products made from CBD oil are appearing on the market. However, there are still doubts about how this type of oil is used.

Here are three tips for using hemp oil:

1.CBD oil can be administered in various ways:

Experts believe that the most effective way of introducing oil is to take a sublingual agent using a dropper or a spray dispenser for faster and more regular absorption of the active substance. Another method of applying oil is topical, for example, using creams or by infusion.

2.You can use it to moisturize your skin

Some of the benefits associated with CBD oil are skin hydration. Therefore, in many cases, some decide to apply it topically with creams. In this case, the ointment should be used in small doses and spread evenly on the skin. Also, it is recommended to rub the area where it is used with circular and light movements 2 to 3 times a day.

3.You can mix it with other products to give it more flavour.

As we already said, another option for consuming CBD oil is to add it to food. In this case, we refer to the CBD infusion. To dissolve, CBD needs fatty elements because it does not dissolve in hot water. For example, to make CBD infusion tea, heat the water to a boil. Subsequently, add a cloud of whole milk, which will provide the necessary fats for dissolving tea. Finally, the teabag is placed inside and removed after 3-5 minutes.

 

CBD Consumption

Today we can find many products that contain CBD, from oils to creams.

There are various methods of consuming CBD: using a vaporiser, swallowing sublingual oils, applying creams, or through eating foods with CBD. But what is the best way to consume CBD? It is not yet known precisely and depends on one’s preferences and the CBD concentration. However, many studies confirm that the two best methods are using sublingual oils or vaping.

Some studies have shown that swallowed CBD products do not absorb all of the CBD they contain since only 15% of the CBD is absorbed by our body, despite being the "purest" products. When using liquids or electronic liquids, it has been shown that this is the most direct way to reach the blood without loss of energy.

When you choose the way you consume CBD, you need to calculate the concentration of CBD that is right for you. To calculate the number of milligrams of CBD that you should take, there are two options: consult your doctor to find out the recommended dose, or use the online calculator.

The best and most reliable way is to contact a specialist who can give you advice. Still, the situation with therapeutic cannabis does not facilitate access to a specialist who can provide us with information. Thus, there is also the possibility of using the online CBD dose calculator offered by some brands. It should be added that if you are not familiar with cannabis, you will obviously have to start with the lowest concentration of CBD.

As for the time required to take effect, it will depend on the method of consumption you choose, but it usually takes about 30 minutes. On the other hand, another aspect that may interest you is how to store products.

CBD products should be placed in places where you do not get direct light and do not heat up. And these products are sold in opaque containers to avoid the damage. As for expiration dates, they last about one year from the moment of opening.

CBD juice or CBD electronic vaping liquid

THC-free CBD electronic liquids exist for vaporizers and electronic cigarettes. These CBD products are sold in cartridges, in liquid containers, or disposable vape pens, and like regular e-liquids, you can find them with different tastes. As we said earlier, it is proved that this is one of the best ways to use CBD, because it is absorbed better and faster than when we take it sublingually or topically. Besides, they are very convenient because they allow you to adjust the dose that you want to consume. To use these CBD liquids, all you need is a vaporizer or an electronic cigarette.

CBD Sublingual Oil

This is the most common method for consuming CBD because it is the cleanest and most commercialized product. How to use it? Depending on the format in which it is supplied, it can be applied with a dropper or sprayed under the tongue, although there are products that can also be mixed with food. Before using it, you will have to stir it, and some companies add flavourings to these oils so that they are more pleasant to use. As we mentioned earlier, the exact percentage of CBD can be calculated with the help of a doctor or using online calculators, and the number of drops or daily sprays will be indicated on the product packaging.

CBD Creams

CBD creams are products that are on the rise. Every day, more and more cosmetics based on CBD, such as creams, lipsticks or lotions, appear to become a source of relief, have an anti-inflammatory effect and also prevent ageing. These products are more targeted for dermatological, anti-inflammatory or joint pain due to their proven effectiveness by numerous studies. Psoriasis, dermatitis, chronic pain, or rheumatoid arthritis are some of the diseases that can be treated with CBD creams.
These creams are made by injecting CBD oil into creams and balms. They are straightforward to use since they need to be applied only to an inflamed or painful area, which provides greater efficiency since it does not spread throughout the body. Still, its effect remains in the area of application.

CBD Products

Marijuana products are common, but what if we tell you that you can consume them without psychotropic effects? Products with CBD can be bought, and there is a wide variety. Customers have the ability to choose between sweet and savoury edibles or drinks, and so on. Some consumers need only minimal doses, while others may not feel any effect at higher doses. Different reactions are also observed, depending on the way of consumption. It may take some time to find the route of administration and the appropriate treatments of CBD products to find the necessary relief, so be patient. Some effects may be felt immediately, while others may take some time to act (especially when trying to treat cases of epilepsy).

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Doses Depend on the Purpose

Dosages can also vary greatly depending on the type of distress. For example, consumers often experience the following:

Chronic pain: 2.5-20 mg for approximately 25 days
Epilepsy: 200-300 mg up to 4.5 months
Huntington's disease motor problems: 10 mg/kg for six weeks
Sleep Disorders: 40-160 mg
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis: 2.5-120 mg THC and CBD for 2-15 weeks
Glaucoma: 20-40 mg (doses above 40 mg can increase eye pressure)

CBD is quickly becoming a popular supplement among those seeking help with a variety of health problems and can be an excellent resource for a natural and non-psychoactive remedy. It takes some time to find the best way to consume the product and the right dosage to optimise the effect.

 

How Does CBD Interact With the Endocrine System?

All products mentioned above transfer CBD into the bloodstream. Once in the blood, CBD molecules are transported throughout the body by fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs). These proteins help lipids, such as CBD, pass through cell membranes.

Once inside the cell, CBD can activate specific receptors. However, unlike THC, CBD does not appear to affect CB1 or CB2 receptors. Instead, it has been shown to act on serotonin receptors, GABA receptors, vanilloid receptors, and gamma receptors, among others. It has also been shown to temporarily increase the level of certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, anandamide and others. CBD does this by inhibiting a process known as resorption, and is therefore sometimes called a "reuptake inhibitor".

It is also important to remember that CBD can be synergised with other compounds found in cannabis and hemp. This is sometimes called the "environmental effect", and many scientists believe that this is the key to understanding the unique effects of marijuana and its compounds.

Dosage Recommendation

As with any other supplement, the correct dosage of CBD is of utmost importance. Unfortunately, each person reacts differently to CBD, and there is usually a lot of trial and error to determine the right dose.

We recommend starting with a small dose of 5 mg per day, just to observe your response to any CBD supplement used. From there, you can increase the pace to 2 daily doses of 5 mg. This is important because CBD can cause side effects in some people (such as headaches and indigestion). Although these side effects are mild and rare, it is always recommended to start with low doses to avoid these side effects.

Make sure you stay at each dose for at least a few weeks so that your body has time to adapt.

 

Can I Mix Products with CBD Oil?

CBD is well tolerated and usually has no adverse effect, provided that the consumer adheres to the recommended dose. If one doesn’t exceed the daily limit, most people can safely mix two or more CBD products. For example, when CBD is limited or taken sublingually, the effect begins in only 10-15 minutes. Ingested CBD products, on the other hand, can become bioavailable up to an hour. The reason is that the digestive system takes much longer to destroy cannabinoid so that it reaches the bloodstream than the lungs and mucous membranes. In general, high-speed CBD products offer faster and shorter effects, while slower-start products provide more stable CBD release over a more extended period. If these two types are combined, the consumer can maximise the potential of both products.

 

Reasons Why You Don’t Feel the Effect of CBD

CBD has several advantages for which people are considering using it. It is used for therapeutic and medical treatment and, as has been shown, provides effective results in the treatment of various diseases. It is imperative to understand that the CBD has different effects on different people. This is the reason why many people do not find the CBD as useful as they heard. If you are the one who finally decided to try CBD, but to your surprise, it did not give the expected effect, then there may be several reasons why CBD did not give you effective results.

CBD consists of cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. It can interact with the natural receptors of the endocannabinoid system. By interacting with the receptors of CB1 and CB2 of the endocannabinoid system, CBD enhances the functions of the system and regulates all body processes. As we have seen, many people use the CBD as a relief for their illnesses and claim that it gave them positive results. Some people do not find the CBD as useful as they say.

There may be several reasons why CBD does not show results for you. Some of them are listed below.

  • Incorrect dose

One of the most critical factors that determines the effect of CBD is the correct dose. If you are not taking the right dosage, you are less likely to see any results. When it comes to dosage, several sources suggest taking 10 to 40 mg of CBD per day; although it is not recommended by the manufacturer. Others suggest using 25 mg of CBD every day to see results. When determining the dose of CBD, it is essential to remember that each person is an individual and has certain biology. So, if one product works for someone, it does not mean that it will work for you. Start taking CBD with the right dose, if you don't see any results, and gradually increase the dose of CBD if you are not experiencing side effects.

  • Take some time to see the effects.

Another reason why the CBD may not have worked is that you did not give it enough time to act on your body. Although many people claim that they see immediate results, this is not the case for everyone. Since CBD is not a medicine, but a dietary supplement, it may not always give quick results. A minimum of two to four weeks is required to begin seeing the benefits of the CBD. It takes time to see the benefits and potential consequences of the CBD. If you still do not see any positive results, you can increase the dose and spend extra time on the new CBD intake program.

  • Product absorption

One thing that could prevent CBD from producing effective results is body fat. Cannabinoids attract fats. This means that oils absorb part of the CBD, and only part enters the bloodstream. If 60% of CBD is absorbed by body fat, only 40% of the dose is circulated. If oil absorbs 30% of CBD, then 70% CBD circulates in the bloodstream and provides potential benefits.
Research has so far focused on the properties of cannabinoids. There are no studies available at the moment of fat cells absorption.
If you do not use CBD, you can compensate for the effect of fat absorption by increasing the level of CBD. According to a study conducted in 2011, a daily dose of up to 1,500 mg per day is considered safe and can be used to achieve positive results.

 

Isolated Full Spectrum

If you use CBD isolates and do not see any life-changing benefits, then you can switch to a full-range CBD product. It contains at least 113 additional cannabinoids, including other plant components, minerals, vitamins, and flavonoids. Using the full range of CBD, all cannabinoids work as a team and enhance potential effects. The overall benefits of CBD are increasing, and the individual is impressed with the added benefits.

 

CBD Won't Make You Feel High

If you are waiting for the CBD to cause mind alteration and make you feel high, you will be disappointed. CBD has no psychoactive effects; instead, regular use of CBD will alleviate the symptoms of various diseases and help you feel healthy. It does not contain the psychoactive properties that are responsible for the destructive effects of the mind caused by drug use.

 

To highlight the positive impacts of CBD, these factors must be taken into account because it is responsible for the effectiveness of CBD. If any of the requirements are not met, the product will not provide benefits. Also, you must establish a daily CBD intake regimen to benefit from it.

 

Precautionary Measures

Despite the number of positive effects of CBD, it may cause adverse side effects. We should be aware of these symptoms and follow the precautionary principle in order to avoid experiencing negative impacts.

Common side effects: hypotension in susceptible patients (low blood pressure) because CBD can cause a hypotensive effect. Measuring and monitoring blood pressure is recommended for people with low blood pressure. CBD can also cause diarrhoea and loss of appetite.

In people with changes in the digestive tract (stomach, intestines, colon), sublingual administration is also recommended as a priority. If swallowed immediately, in drops or other liquids, capsules, or other solids, you should take CBD with food that contains some fat (such as olive oil or coconut oil).

Verified by a Healthcare Professional

Anastasiia Myronenko

Anastasiia Myronenko

Anastasiia Myronenko is a Medical Physicist actively practicing in one of the leading cancer centers in Kyiv, Ukraine. She received her master’s degree in Medical Physics at Karazin Kharkiv National University and completed Biological Physics internship at GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research, Germany. Anastasiia Myronenko specializes in radiation therapy and is a fellow of Ukrainian Association of Medical Physicists.